Un Agreement On Palestine

April 14, 2021

During the committee`s deliberations, the British government supported the recommendations of the report on the end of the mandate, independence and Jewish immigration. [Citation required] However, the British felt “unable to implement an agreement” unless it was acceptable to both Arabs and Jews, and asked the General Assembly to provide another enforcement authority if this was the case. This global consensus has become one of the main objectives of initiatives to achieve a lasting peace agreement. At a meeting of the British cabinet on 4 December 1947, it was decided that the mandate should end at midnight on 14 May 1948, the total withdrawal until 1 August 1948, and that Britain would not implement the UN division plan. [138] On 11 December 1947, Great Britain announced that the term would end at midnight on 14 May 1948, and that its only task would be to complete the withdrawal by 1 August 1948. [139] During the period when the British withdrawal was completed, Britain refused to share the administration of Palestine with a proposed UN transitional regime to allow the UN-Palestine Commission to establish a presence in Palestine more than two weeks before the end of the mandate, to allow the creation of official Jewish and Arab militias, or to assist in the smooth re-establishment of territory or authority. [140] In 1988, the Palestine Liberation Organization issued the Palestinian Declaration of Independence invoking Resolution 181 and argued that the resolution continues to provide international legitimacy to the right of the Palestinian people to national sovereignty and independence. [148] A number of scholars have written to support this view. [149] [150] [151] Some post-Zionist scholars support Simha Flapan`s view that it is a myth that the Zionists accepted partition as a compromise by which the Jewish community abandoned ambitions for all of Palestine and recognized the rights of Arab Palestinians to their own state. According to Flapan, acceptance is merely a tactical maneuver aimed at preventing the creation of an Arab Palestinian state while expanding the territory that had been allocated by the United Nations to the Jewish state. [102] [103] [104] [105] [106] Baruch Kimmerling said that the Zionists “officially accept the plan of division, but they invested all their efforts to improve their conditions and expand their limits as much as possible, while reducing the number of Arabs in them.” [107] Since Israel`s occupation of the territories in 1967, the international community has repeatedly confirmed the need to implement Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, which call for Israel`s withdrawal from the occupied territories. Since 1993, the Israeli army has been withdrawn from parts of the OPT, and in 1994 the PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY was founded by the PLO to abandon the government in those areas.

However, the escalation of the conflict and the sluggish political horizon since September 2000, the blockade of the Gaza Strip since June 2007, the strengthening of restrictions on the Israeli movement in the OPT have reversed economic gains since 1993, with serious socio-economic consequences. In addition, the extension of Israeli settlements in the OPT, described as a “flagrant violation of international law” by Security Council Resolution 2334 (23 December 2016), disrupts the peace process and threatens the process of the constitution of the Palestinian state. The United States refused to recognize the entire Palestinian government in Gaza, saying it had accepted the UN mediator`s proposal. The Ombudsman had recommended that Palestine form a Union, as defined in the original mandate, including Transjordan. [142] Bernadotte`s diary said that the mufti had lost its credibility because of its unrealistic predictions about the defeat of the Jewish militias.