Peace Agreement Nepal

October 2, 2021

Although it was agreed in the peace agreement and provided for in the Transitional Constitution, no high-level commission was established in 2010 to restructure the state. Nevertheless, the restructuring of the State has been considered and dealt with by the constitutional commissions. The CA did not provide the Constitution until May 28, 2010. State restructuring remains stalled mainly because the major political parties have failed to reach consensus on how to set state boundaries and the role of ethnic groups within the federal state. Within the Subcommittee on State Restructuring, which is a subgroup of the CA Constitutional Committee, separate political parties presented 26 different modalities.1 The Nepali Congress Party proposed the creation of seven new provinces. Although there were significant differences on how to restructure the State, the Committee was able, by a majority of votes, to adopt a federation of 14 provinces.2 At the request of the seven political parties in Parliament (SPA) that opposed the king`s direct rule, the Maoists declared a unilateral ceasefire in April 2006. This allowed them to join the non-violent opposition movement. Peace negotiations followed, and on 26 May 2006, the Government and the Maoists agreed on the 25-point code of conduct for the ceasefire. A number of violations of the Code of Conduct were reported between the signing of the Code of Conduct on Arms and the signing of the CPA. According to the Secretary-General`s report to the Security Council, 154 ceasefire violations have been recorded. These were committed mainly by new recruits from the People`s Liberation Army (PLA), the armed wing of the Maoist party. [fn] Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council”, United Nations (S/2006/1007), 20 December 2006. [/efn_note] When the ACC was signed on 22 November 2006, the Joint Coordinating Committee of Mentioners (JMCC) replaced the Ceasefire Monitoring Committee established by the Ceasefire Code.

The JMCC was created by the AMMAA Agreement on the Oversight of Arms and Army Management. The Committee was composed of representatives of both parties and was chaired by the United Nations. AMMAA has established Joint Monitoring Teams (JMTs) to help monitor the cessation of hostilities. The AMMAA agreement was signed on 6 December 2006. [fn] “Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council”, United Nations (S/2007/235), 26. April 2007; “Agreement on the Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies”, Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, 8 December 2006, called 22 July 2010, [/efn_note] 7.4.1. Both sides pledge to respect the freedom of expression and expression of individuals, the establishment of organizations and the holding of peaceful assemblies, as well as the right to freedom of exploitation. The dispute between Kathmandu and the national players is only part of the story.

After the peace agreement, politics in the form of partisan politics became an increasingly formalized part of development projects. In districts, “all-party mechanisms” have become a way for parties to distribute the spoils of the development budget in order to maintain peace at the local level. . . .